micropenis treatment in Turkey

A brief definition of micropenis is “a condition where the penis is not of the ideal length for sexual activity and satisfaction, often due to genetic and hormonal issues.” This condition is identified when a man’s penis measures 9.3 cm or less when erect. 

Micropenis becomes noticeable during puberty and can be effectively treated with hormone therapy if addressed early. However, for men over 18, surgical procedures for penile lengthening and penis enlargement are the only treatment options.

This article will address queries such as “what is micropenis?”, “what causes?”, and “how is treated?”.


micropenis treatment in Turkey

In many cases, the specific cause of a micropenis remains unknown.1 Nevertheless, it’s commonly believed to result from hormonal imbalances during fetal development. 

During this critical phase, insufficient testosterone production can hinder normal penile development in the fetus.

Additional factors contributing to micropenis include:

  • Disorders of Sex Development (DSD): This group of chromosomal disorders can lead to the development of a micropenis.4
  • Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism: This condition impacts testosterone levels, potentially inhibiting normal penile growth.1
  • Factors Related to Pregnancy: Studies have linked micropenis to certain pregnancy-related factors, such as exposure to pesticides and the use of estrogen-based fertility drugs during early pregnancy.56
  • Rare Genetic Disorders: Certain genetic disorders, like Kallmann’s syndrome, can interfere with or delay puberty, which may result in a micropenis.7

Micropenis May Cause Trauma:

micropenis treatment in Turkey

Men with a penis size considered below the ideal range, including those categorized as having a micropenis, may encounter both physical and psychological challenges. 

Physically, individuals with a micropenis might struggle with sexual intercourse and experience difficulties in urination. Research indicates that men with a micropenis often have lower sperm counts, elevating the risk of infertility.

Beyond physical issues, the psychological impact of having a micropenis can significantly diminish quality of life. 

This condition, being a developmental anomaly, often leads to reduced self-esteem, reluctance towards sexual activities, and can even contribute to depression. 

The availability of surgical treatment options for micropenis, which can potentially alleviate these challenges, should not be overlooked.

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Identifying and Diagnosing

micropenis treatment in Turkey

The primary indicator of a micropenis is its notably small size, which varies based on age. In adults, a micropenis is defined as having a stretched—or erect—penis length (SPL) of 3.67 inches (9.32 centimeters) or less.

Typically, testicles and other internal genital organs are of average size, although it’s possible for someone with a micropenis to also have small or underdeveloped testicles.

In newborns, healthcare professionals diagnose micropenis by measuring the stretched length of the penis from the pubic bone to the tip of the penis head. A micropenis in infants is categorized as an SPL of less than 1.9 centimeters (0.75 inches).

For prepubescent children, a micropenis diagnosis is given if the SPL is 3.8 centimeters (1.5 inches) or shorter.

To ascertain the underlying causes of a micropenis, healthcare providers might conduct blood tests to check for genetic or hormonal abnormalities.


Micropenis is considered a rare condition, affecting approximately 1.5 in every 10,000 male newborns, translating to about 0.015 percent of male newborns in the United States for example. This statistic is based on estimates from the period between 1997 and 2000.

However, it’s important to note that the reported prevalence of micropenis can vary between different studies. 

Factors contributing to this variation include environmental influences, such as parental exposure to pesticides during pregnancy. 

These environmental factors can lead to a higher incidence of micropenis and other birth abnormalities in certain populations, suggesting that the condition might be more prevalent in specific areas or under certain conditions.

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When Is It Not a Micropenis? 

micropenis treatment in Turkey

“True micropenis occurs in approximately 1.5 out of every 10,000 male births.” It’s important to recognize that penises vary greatly in shape and size, and possessing a penis smaller than average does not automatically indicate a medical issue. 

Furthermore, size is not the most critical factor in sexual activity.

There are, however, certain conditions that can cause a penis to appear smaller, sometimes leading to confusion with a micropenis:

Buried penis

A Buried penis is a penis of standard size that is obscured or concealed beneath skin folds of the abdomen, thigh, or scrotum. Typically identified in infancy, this condition can also arise later in life.

This issue might originate from congenital abnormalities or be a consequence of excessive abdominal and genital fat accumulation in cases of severe obesity.

In older men, weakening pelvic floor muscles can impact the penis’s positioning and erectile function. The reduced strength in these muscles can cause the penis to retract, giving it a concealed appearance in some cases.

Strong pelvic floor muscles are crucial for maintaining erections by contracting during arousal, which aids in proper blood flow within the penis. Weaker muscles, however, can lead to blood leakage, making it challenging to sustain an erection.

Webbed penis

A condition that might be confused with a very small penis is the fused penis, also known as an “inconspicuous penis.” This can be a congenital condition or a complication resulting from circumcision.

In cases of a fused penis, the scrotal skin attaches unusually high on the penile shaft. This makes the penis appear smaller than normal, as only the tip and part of the shaft are visible.

Cosmetic surgery can address this issue, though it’s typically postponed until the individual reaches adolescence or adulthood.

Trapped Penis:

A trapped penis is a condition where the penis becomes concealed under the skin due to factors like circumcision complications, obesity, or aging. 

It’s characterized by an obscured or retracted penis, often causing difficulty in urination and hygiene maintenance. 

Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, and treatment options include surgical intervention to release the trapped penis, particularly in cases stemming from scar tissue formation or excessive fat. 

Weight management can also be crucial in obesity-related cases. Early medical intervention is essential to prevent complications and ensure proper management of the condition.

Micropenis Treatment in Turkey

micropenis treatment in Turkey

When a micropenis is identified during childhood, the primary course of treatment involves hormone therapies initiated during childhood and adolescence. 

If this hormone therapy is postponed, surgical interventions, such as penile lengthening and enlargement procedures, become necessary.

Hormone therapy

Early diagnosis of micropenis in children allows for the administration of male hormone treatments aimed at increasing penile length. Starting these treatments in childhood and continuing through adolescence can help achieve ideal penis size. However, if not timed correctly, male hormone therapy may lose its effectiveness, necessitating the shift to surgical methods for treatment.

Micropenis Treatment Surgical Method 

Given that micropenis can significantly impact an individual’s psychological well-being as well as their sexual life, timely treatment is crucial. 

Penile enlargement surgeries can yield successful outcomes. While standard penile enlargement surgery typically results in a length increase of 3-4 cm, outcomes can vary between individuals. 

An important consideration in these surgeries is the length of the penile part that is not externally visible.

Penile Lengthening Surgery:

This surgical procedure is an option for men who meet specific health criteria. The operation typically involves cutting 80% of the suspensory ligament, which connects the penis to the abdominal wall, allowing for an increase in penile length by about 3 – 4 cm. The surgery makes the normally unused part of the penis functional.

The outcomes of this surgery are noticeable both in the flaccid and erect states of the penis. However, the extent of length increase depends on the patient having minimal fat tissue and performing traction exercises post-surgery. 

Although the lengthening effect is permanent, natural penis shortening due to aging can occur, just as it does in men who haven’t had the surgery. 

Additionally, penile enlargement surgery can be performed in conjunction to address penile thinness.

Penile Enlargement Surgeries (Fat Injection and Filler):

These surgeries aim to increase the diameter of the penis without lengthening it. The procedure involves processing and injecting fat tissue from the patient’s body under the penile skin. 

Since this adipose tissue is gradually absorbed, repeated surgeries are often necessary throughout the sexually active period. These should be performed by specialists in urology and andrology.

Recently, penile fillers, particularly those containing hyaluronic acid, have been used as an alternative to fat injections. 

Studies suggest that the effects of these filler-based enlargements tend to be more permanent than those achieved with fat injections in some cases.

Men considering penile enlargement have various options and should discuss these with our andrology specialists to determine the most suitable treatment for improving their quality of life.

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Micropenis and Its Impact on Fertility

micropenis treatment in Turkey

While there’s limited research directly connecting micropenis with infertility, studies have observed an association between shorter stretched penis length (SPL) and male infertility. 

However, possessing a micropenis does not automatically equate to infertility.

The primary challenge posed by a micropenis in terms of fertility is related to the mechanics of conception. 

Studies have noted that penis lengths under 2 inches may correlate with lower conception rates, likely due to difficulties in achieving penetrative sex.

For couples wishing to conceive, particularly when penetrative sex is not feasible, assisted reproductive technologies (ART) offer viable alternatives. 

These include intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF), which can significantly enhance the chances of successful conception despite the challenges presented by a micropenis.

(FAQs) about microepenis and its treatment:

Microepenis does not necessarily affect fertility. Men with microepenis can often produce sperm normally. However, the condition may be associated with other reproductive system abnormalities that could impact fertility.


Surgical options are limited and typically not recommended, especially in children. In adults, surgical procedures might be considered in certain cases but are usually focused on cosmetic improvements rather than functional enhancement.


Microepenis itself usually doesn’t cause physical health problems. However, it may be associated with other medical conditions, and the psychological and emotional impact should be addressed.


While microepenis can be associated with some intersex conditions, having a microepenis does not necessarily mean an individual is intersex. Detailed medical evaluation is necessary for a proper diagnosis.


Psychological support and counseling can be beneficial, especially in dealing with issues of self-esteem and social pressures. Support groups and therapy specifically geared toward dealing with body image issues can also be helpful.


With appropriate medical and psychological support, individuals with microepenis can lead normal, healthy lives. Hormone treatments, if effective, can help in achieving more average penis size, but the main focus is often on coping strategies and psychological well-being.

Microepenis is often diagnosed at birth during a newborn examination. However, in some cases, it may not be identified until a child reaches puberty and exhibits lack of growth.


Microepenis itself is not typically associated with other health risks. However, it can be a symptom of underlying conditions such as hormone deficiencies or genetic disorders, which may have their own associated risks.


Parents should consult a pediatrician or pediatric endocrinologist. A thorough medical evaluation can determine if the condition is present and assess for any underlying causes or associated conditions.


A small penis falls within the lower range of average size but is not significantly smaller. Microepenis is a medically defined term for a penis size that is significantly smaller than the norm for a child’s age and developmental stage.


Ongoing monitoring can be important, especially if the condition is linked to hormonal imbalances or other medical issues. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help manage any related health concerns.

Sexual function in terms of libido and the ability to have an erection is generally not affected by microepenis. However, the physical aspect of sexual intercourse might be impacted, and individuals may seek counseling for alternative sexual practices and intimacy methods.



Micropenis is a medical condition characterized by a significantly smaller penis than average, typically due to genetic or hormonal factors. 

Early diagnosis and treatment in infancy or childhood can lead to effective management, but addressing the condition becomes more challenging post-puberty into adulthood.

Living with a micropenis doesn’t preclude the enjoyment of penetrative sex, but in cases where penetration is challenging, couples can explore various other sexual activities for mutual satisfaction. 

It’s also essential for individuals with a micropenis to engage in open communication with their partners to find fulfilling and comfortable sexual experiences.

Emotional and psychological impacts are also a crucial aspect of this condition. Individuals struggling with body acceptance may find it beneficial to seek therapy. 

A therapist can provide emotional support and help develop strategies for navigating sexual relationships confidently. 

Additionally, discussing concerns about penis size, shape, or function with a our healthcare specialists is advised for professional guidance and potential treatment options.

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