Prostatitis treatment in Turkey typically involves a combination of medical expertise and advanced healthcare facilities. Istanbul Urology Clinic is known for its quality healthcare services at relatively affordable prices compared to many Western countries.

Prostatitis, a condition affecting the prostate gland, typically involves inflammation. This condition frequently results in painful or challenging urination and can cause discomfort in the groin, pelvic region, or genital area. 

While bacterial infections are responsible for some instances of Prostate inflammation, they do not account for all cases.The prostate gland, comparable in size to a walnut, sits beneath the bladder in males. 

It encircles the upper part of the urethra, the channel that expels urine from the bladder. The prostate, along with other reproductive glands, generates the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation (semen).

Types of Prostatitis

Prostatitis Treatment in Turkey

Prostate inflammation, an ailment of the prostate gland, comes in various forms:

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis: 

This type is due to a bacterial infection, leading to symptoms like fever, chills, painful and frequent urination, or difficulty in urinating. 

Acute bacterial Prostate inflammation, which arises suddenly, necessitates antibiotic treatment.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Also caused by bacteria, this form develops more slowly and might require a longer Prostatitis treatment period. 

Unlike its acute counterpart, it typically doesn’t cause fever and chills. Symptoms include pain during urination and difficulty in urinating.

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS): 

This is the most prevalent type of prostatitis, affecting about 1 in 3 individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB). 

As suggested by its name, CPPS leads to chronic pain in the pelvis, perineum (the area between the scrotum and rectum), and genitals, potentially lasting for months or years. It is not caused by an infection.

Nonbacterial Prostatitis (Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis): 

This kind involves inflammation of the prostate gland but doesn’t show symptoms. It’s often discovered during tests for other conditions. This type, not linked to an infection, generally doesn’t require treatment.

Symptoms of Prostatitis

Prostatitis treatment in Turkey

Symptoms of Prostate inflammation vary based on whether it’s acute or chronic:

Acute Prostatitis Symptoms:

  • Intense pain around the penis, testicles, anus, lower abdomen, or lower back. Bowel movements can be painful.
  • Urinary issues like pain during urination, frequent urination (especially at night), difficulty starting or maintaining a steady urine flow, a sudden urge to urinate, and sometimes blood in urine.
  • Acute urinary retention, a condition where you’re unable to urinate, leading to urine accumulation in the bladder. This requires immediate medical attention.
  • General feelings of illness, including body aches, pains, and possibly a high fever.
  • Lower back pain and pain during ejaculation.

If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to consult a GP immediately for investigation.

Chronic Prostatitis Symptoms:

  • Persistent pain in and around the penis, testicles, anus, lower abdomen, or lower back.
  • Urination issues like pain when urinating, a frequent or urgent need to urinate (particularly at night), or difficulty with a steady urine flow.
  • An enlarged or tender prostate, as identified through rectal examination.
  • Sexual problems, which may include erectile dysfunction, pain during ejaculation, or pelvic pain after sexual activity.

These symptoms can significantly affect your quality of life. While they tend to gradually improve over time and with treatment, they typically persist for at least three months in cases of chronic Prostate inflammation.

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When to get medical advice

Consult a general practitioner (GP) if you experience symptoms of prostatitis, including pain in the pelvic area, difficulty or pain during urination, or pain during ejaculation.

The GP will inquire about your symptoms and conduct an abdominal examination.

A rectal examination might also be performed. In this procedure, a doctor will insert a gloved finger into your rectum to check for abnormalities. 

This examination may be uncomfortable, especially if your prostate is enlarged or sensitive.

Typically, your urine will be tested for infection indicators. If necessary, you might be referred to a specialist for additional tests to eliminate other potential causes.

If you suddenly experience severe prostatitis symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

Such symptoms could indicate acute prostatitis, which requires prompt evaluation and Prostate inflammation treatment to avoid serious complications, like sudden inability to urinate.

For ongoing symptoms (known as chronic prostatitis), you may need to see a urologist, a doctor specializing in urinary disorders.


Prostatitis treatment in Turkey

Prostatitis and pelvic pain can have unclear origins. Certain factors, however, can increase the likelihood of a bacterial prostate infection, including bladder infections, catheter use, sexually transmitted infection.

or urinary tract anomalies. Identifying the precise cause of pain might require multiple tests, and it’s crucial to determine the root cause.

Bacterial prostatitis stems from a bacterial invasion of the prostate. This can occur when infected urine backflows from the urethra. 

This type of infection is not transmissible to a sexual partner. Bacteria may be detected through urine, prostate fluid, or blood examinations.

Nonbacterial prostatitis might be associated with stress, nerve inflammation or irritation, previous injuries, or earlier urinary tract infections. 

It could also develop in response to a past infection or injury. This variant shows no bacterial presence in urine or seminal fluid.

Other potential sources of pelvic pain include:

  • Tightness in pelvic muscles
  • Stones in the prostate or bladder
  • Prostate abscess
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Urethral stricture
  • Prostate cancer
  • Bladder cancer

Risk factors:

Risk factors for developing prostatitis encompass:

  • Being in young or middle-aged adulthood
  • A history of prostatitis
  • Infections in the urinary or reproductive systems
  • HIV infection or AIDS
  • Utilization of a urinary catheter, a tube inserted into the urethra for bladder drainage
  • Prostate tissue biopsy for diagnostic purposes

For chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, additional risk factors are:

  • Psychological stress
  • Nerve damage in the pelvic area resulting from surgery or trauma


Complications arising from acute or chronic prostatitis can be serious and include:

  • Bacteremia, a condition where bacteria infect the bloodstream
  • Epididymitis, which is the inflammation of the epididymis, a coiled tube at the back of the testicle
  • Prostatic abscess, a collection of pus within the prostate gland
  • Infection spreading to the upper pelvic bone or lower spine

For those with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, potential complications include:

  • Mental health issues like anxiety or depression
  • Sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, which is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection
  • Altered sperm and semen quality, potentially leading to infertility

Currently, there is no direct evidence linking prostatitis to prostate cancer. 

However, research is ongoing to determine if chronic inflammation of the prostate might be a risk factor for developing

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Diagnosis Process

Enlarged Prostate Treatment

To diagnose the issue, your health care provider will inquire about your pain symptoms. 

They may conduct a digital rectal exam (DRE) to evaluate your prostate. Additional procedures like a transrectal ultrasound or cystoscopy might be performed to examine your prostate and urinary system, respectively.

Laboratory tests to detect bacteria in your urine or prostate fluid might be recommended. 

Tests such as a urine flow study or urodynamics might be conducted to identify any obstructions in your urinary tract.

Should there be concerns regarding your prostate or surrounding tissues, your health care provider may refer you to a urologist, a specialist in urinary tract and male reproductive system disorders.

Different forms of prostatitis require varied treatments. To accurately determine the cause of your symptoms, your doctor might utilize multiple testing methods.

Physical Examination

A digital rectal exam (DRE) is a common procedure where your health care provider inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum. 

This allows them to assess whether your prostate is enlarged or sensitive. Presence of lumps or firm areas could indicate prostate cancer. 

We will also evaluate your pain level during this examination. While this test may cause slight discomfort if you have prostatitis, it is harmless and does not result in persistent pain.

Examinations and Tests

Ultrasound Examination

For a detailed examination of your prostate gland, a transrectal ultrasound might be conducted with your examination visit to Istanbul urology clinic. 

This technique utilizes sound waves to create an image of the prostate. The ultrasound device is inserted into the rectum for a clear view of the prostate.

Urine and Prostate Fluid Analysis

We might be able to analyze both your urine and the fluid from your prostate gland. During a DRE, prostate fluid, known as expressed prostatic secretion (EPS), is released from the penis when the prostate is massaged. 

Both urine and EPS are examined for indications of inflammation or infection, helping to determine if the issue lies in the urethra, bladder, or prostate.

Tests on blood and semen for bacteria, white blood cells, or infection markers might also be conducted. 

However, accurate diagnosis of prostatitis, particularly bacterial prostatitis, can be challenging due to difficulties in obtaining reliable samples and potential alterations in test results caused by recent antibiotic treatments.

If cancer is a concern, a blood test to assess prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels may be recommended by your healthcare provider. 

However, PSA levels can be misleadingly high during a prostate infection, so physicians interpret these results with caution.

Cystoscopic Examination

To examine the interior of your urethra, prostate, and bladder, a urologist may use a cystoscope, a slender telescope with a light source at its end. 

Before inserting the cystoscope through the urethra into the bladder, your urologist will anesthetize your urethra.

Urodynamics and Urine Flow Studies

Additionally, your urologist might request urodynamic studies or urine flow tests. These are used to assess the power of your urine stream and to identify any obstructions caused by the prostate, urethra, or pelvic muscles.

Prostatitis Treatment Methods

Enlarged Prostate Treatment

The prostatitis treatment is varies based on the type diagnosed and the symptoms presented.

Infection ProstatitisTreatment

Antibiotics are the primary Prostatitis treatment for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. In cases of acute prostatitis, intravenous (IV) antibiotics may be administered in the hospital for a brief period. 

The typical duration for antibiotic therapy is around 5 weeks, and in some instances, it may be longer.

Completing the entire course of prescribed antibiotics is crucial to fully eradicate the infection and lower the risk of developing chronic bacterial prostatitis.

Addressing Urinary Symptoms

Alpha-blockers are medications used to relax the muscles at the bladder neck and where the prostate meets the bladder. 

This can alleviate urinary symptoms like painful or difficult urination. While often prescribed for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, they may also be used to relieve urinary symptoms in bacterial infections.

Pain Management

Pain relief can be achieved through prescribed medications or over-the-counter drugs such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, among others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, among others).

Psychological Symptom Management

For stress, depression, or anxiety related to chronic pain, our specialist might suggest psychotherapy with a mental health professional.


Acupuncture, which involves inserting thin needles into various points and depths on the body, can be an alternative method for pain reduction. Some men find relief in acupuncture for managing prostatitis pain.

Surgical Intervention

Surgery is a rare Prostatitis treatment option and is usually considered when there is a specific, identifiable issue causing pain, either in the urethra or prostate.

Lifestyle Modifications

Changes in lifestyle, such as weight loss, dietary adjustments, relaxation techniques, and exercise, can help alleviate symptoms. 

Our specialist may recommend avoiding certain foods and drinks, like spicy or acidic foods, and caffeinated, fizzy, or alcoholic beverages. Increasing water intake and consuming more fresh, unprocessed foods with less sugar is also advised. 

It may be recommended to avoid activities that exacerbate the pain, such as bicycle riding.

Supplements and Herbal Remedies

Despite being tested in medical studies, supplements have not shown effectiveness in treating prostatitis. 

There is no proven benefit from herbs and supplements, including rye grass (cernilton), compounds found in green tea, onions, and saw palmetto extract. 

Since supplements can interfere with other treatments, it’s important to consult with your doctor before trying any herbal supplements.

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Alternative Medicine Approaches for Prostatitis Treatment

Prostatitis Treatment in Turkey

Several alternative therapies may offer potential benefits in managing prostatitis symptoms:


In this Prostatitis treatment technique, a biofeedback specialist uses monitoring equipment to teach you how to control specific bodily functions and responses. 

This includes learning to relax your muscles, which can be particularly helpful for managing symptoms associated with prostatitis.


Known for its pain relief capabilities, acupuncture involves the insertion of extremely fine needles through the skin at various depths and specific points on your body. This method can be effective in managing pain associated with prostatitis.

Herbal Remedies in Prostatitis Treatment: 

Research indicates that rye grass pollen extract (cernilton) might be beneficial in alleviating pain associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. 

However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of other herbal remedies for prostatitis pain is limited.

It’s important to have a discussion with your doctor about any alternative medicine practices or herbal treatments you are considering. 

This ensures that these methods are safe and do not interfere with your conventional medical treatments.

Preventive Measures

ESWT Shockwave Therapy

To prevent the spread of urinary tract infections (UTIs) to your prostate, it’s essential to seek timely treatment for UTIs. 

For sexually active individuals, consistently using condoms during all sexual activities is crucial. 

Practicing safe sex is a key measure in preventing prostatitis caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

It’s advisable to consult us or a doctor nearby if you experience perineal pain or notice alterations in your usual urination patterns. 

Early intervention in case of prostatitis can help in preventing the condition from exacerbating.

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Prostatitis is a prevalent condition that can be painful and affects individuals assigned male at birth at any stage of adulthood. 

This condition is often surrounded by confusion due to its varied causes and types.There is no universal Prostatitis treatment, as it can manifest in different forms. 

Consequently, identifying the specific type of prostatitis is crucial. It is essential to work closely with us through our specialist doctor and the consultant team to determine the type of prostatitis you have and adhere to the tailored Prostatitis treatment plan they recommend. 

Understanding the nature of your condition and following a personalized Prostatitis treatment approach are key steps in managing prostatitis effectively.

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